What Are the Different Types and Strains of Marijuana (Cannabis)?
Marijuana is a psychoactive drug that comes from dried leaves, stems, flowers, and seeds of the cannabis plant. It is also called by various names — weed, pot, Mary Jane, herb, hash, doobie, bud, grass, ganja, and reefer.
The cannabis plant comes in different types and strains. Each kind gives a special effect on those who consume it. Many people consult a budtender (cannabis expert) first before purchasing marijuana products, so they would know which type or strain would suit their needs.
Before we get into the different types of marijuana, let us look into cannabinoids. These are the chemical compounds found in cannabis that produce distinct effects.
This is the primary psychoactive compound responsible for that “high” you get from marijuana.
Tetrahydrocannabinol Acid (THCA)
While THCA has a similar composition as THC, it does not produce psychoactive effects. Research says it can treat inflammation, relieve pain, and promote sleep and appetite.
CBD provides relief from chronic pain and also treats symptoms of epilepsy, anxiety, and depression. It does not give a “high” as THC does.
Cannabidiolic Acid (CBDA)
CBDA is not as popular as CBD, but studies show it has the potential to treat inflammation, anxiety, and seizures. Like CBD, it is also non-psychoactive.
CBN is less potent than THC, making its effects very mild. It is known to treat epilepsy and seizures when given in large doses.
Like CBD, CBG is non-psychoactive, but it is effective in reducing pain and inflammation. Studies also show that CBG has the potential to fight cancer cells.
Now that we have briefly discussed cannabinoids, let us move on to the different types of cannabis and the strains under them. See which cannabinoids are dominant in each type.
Cannabis sativa is usually found in places with hot and dry climates like Southeast Asia, Africa, and Central America. You can identify Sativa plants by their thin leaves. They can also grow quite tall — anywhere from 12 to 20 feet high.
The predominant compounds in Sativa are THCA and CBDA, making this type non-psychoactive. It is widely used for its energizing effects. Many creative professionals also report that Sativa can boost creativity.
Popular Strains Under Sativa:
This is considered a “heavy hitter”. While it can energize you, too many puffs of it can be sedating.
- Sour Diesel
As the name suggests, Sour Diesel smells like petrol. It is one of the most famous strains in the world. It gives a relaxing feel without drowsiness.
- Green Crack
Green Crack’s flavor has hints of tropical fruits. It is popular for its energizing effects.
Cannabis indica grows mostly in Central and South Asia. Indica plants have short and stout bushes and wide leaves.
Indica’s major compounds include CBD and THC, with the former having higher levels. This is why Indica has relaxing and sedative properties.
Popular Strains Under Indica:
- Hindu Kush
This is one of the oldest Indica strains. It can give you a relaxing and euphoric feeling with just a hit or two.
- Afghan Kush
This is popular for its mild taste and earthy fragrance, making it ideal for first-time marijuana users. It is famous for its long-lasting, relaxing effect.
- Granddaddy Purple
Granddaddy Purple got its name from its purple buds. This is widely used to ease stress and chronic pain, and treat insomnia.
A Hybrid is a combination of two or more different cannabis types. One popular hybrid is a cross of an Indica and Sativa strain.
The effects of hybrid cannabis depend on the types or strains they are derived from. Here are some of the popular Hybrid strains:
- Girl Scout Cookies
Many say this is the most potent Indica-dominant hybrid. It can give you a relaxed and extended high, which can make you want to stay in bed.
- White Diesel
Its flavor and aroma are among the most pleasant. It gives a soothing feeling that helps relieve pain.
- Gorilla Glue
Gorilla Glue got its name from the glue-like resin that covers its buds. While it helps the body relax, it can also stimulate the mind.
This strain is a cross between Afghan and Mexican Sativa plants. It gives an energy boost and improved focus.
Like the rifle it was named after, this strain is a hard-hitter. This makes it ideal for relieving nausea and chronic pain.
- Super Silver Haze
Its plant has silver trichomes or “hairs” on it, which explains its name. It can give an energizing feeling without increasing your heart rate.
With the many strains of marijuana, it is hard to choose one that suits your tastes or needs, especially if it is your first time. It is best to talk to a reputable budtender at a dispensary so they can help you find a product that meets your expectations.