Dental Care

Gum Irritation and Overdentures

The condition of your gums is significant to your oral health, but it is also a factor in your general well-being. Engorging, aching, or bleeding are all signs of gum irritation. There are a number of factors that could be the source. If you have progressive tooth loss as a result of gum maladies, dentures over implants might be the solution.

Causes of Gum Irritation


Due to the fluctuations in hormone levels, some women experience gum sensitivity during puberty, menstruation, pregnancy, and menopause. The application of oral birth control might also cause similar gum irritation.

Some conditions that affect immunity and certain viral and fungal infections can increase the sensitivity of the gums. Also, specific drugs can impact the mouth. Chemotherapy, the treatment for cancer, can cause swollen and bleeding gums, or stomatitis, the formation of painful sores.

Dental Work

Dental restorations that are damaged or don’t fit properly can cause gum irritation around the tooth.


Family history has a significant influence on our dental and gum strength.

Poor nutrition 

A poor diet that lacks efficient and essential vitamins can cause gum and oral trouble.

Canker Sores

Tender ulcers called canker sores to appear with a whitish center and red edges. They can grow anywhere inside the mouth and cause gum irritation.

Tobacco Habits

Those that smoke cigarettes and use other tobacco products are far more inclined to develop gum problems

Gum Disease

The two foremost types of disease are:

Gingivitis:  a common and mild form of gum disease that causes redness, irritation, and bleeding of the gum or gingiva. Neglected oral hygiene allows plaque to form on teeth, resulting in the inflammation of the surrounding tissues. Plaque is a film, filled with bacteria that feed off the starches and sugars in food. It requires daily removal because it accumulates rapidly. If it remains it can harden to become a calculus called tartar that gathers at the gum line and you’ll need professional dental cleaning to eliminate the buildup. If you treat gingivitis early, it can be reversed. But left to progress, gingivitis can worsen.

Chronic gingiva has been linked with systemic disorders suggesting that the bacteria responsible for gum disease can cross into the bloodstream affecting other parts of the body.

Periodontitis: When gingivitis is not treated in adequate time, it can progress into something more serious. Periodontitis triggers painful inflammation of the gums that might cause the teeth to shift or fall out due to advanced deterioration of the tissue that holds the teeth in place.

How to stop gum irritation

Improve your cleaning routine

Gums are composed of delicate tissue, so scrubbing vigorously could be harmful. Buy a brush with soft nylon bristles using gentle, circular motions to massage when cleaning the teeth and gums. Floss regularly and diligently to help remove plaque and food particles from places where your toothbrush can’t reach. You can also rinse with mouthwash. Try different gum irritation remedies, for example, an anti-gingivitis toothpaste to thwart gum disease.

Change your nutrition 

 Eating a well-balanced diet can recover gum health. Intake of vitamin C and calcium to lessen swollen gums. Consuming vitamin and mineral supplements, such as iron and B-12, should diminish gum pain. Steer clear from foods that can irritate or scratch the gums. Avoid anything acidic, sharp, or spicy.


 High levels of stress can boost the levels of cortisol hormone, possibly causing inflammation of the gums. Try to relax when possible to encourage a healthier mouth.

Stop smoking

Smoking can reduce blood flow, which may impair healing and lead to gum damage.

Visit your dentist

Regular checkups with a dentist or hygienist for cleanings and examinations will control any oral concerns.


Gum irritation treatment depends upon its origins. A dentist may recommend professional cleaning. They may also prescribe an antibacterial mouthwash to kill excess bacteria or administer surgery.


Standard dentures and overdentures are both prosthetics that restore lost teeth. The standard variety is a much more affordable, quick fix that sits directly on the gums. They are removable and usually serve as a stepping stone until a patient is prepared for the alternative.

Overdentures are typically permanently attached via surgery using implants to keep them stable. They are expensive but have extra benefits compared to the traditional. There are different types of overdentures. Besides being more secure, they look more natural.

Overtures don’t loosen or slip; making eating, laughing, sneezing, smiling, and speaking far more comfortable. The technique does require enough jawbone to achieve successful implantation, though.

Type Of Overdenture Treatment

Tooth Supported Overdenture

These use a few of your natural teeth to help support the denture. They can be fastened by root caps to provide extra stability. It permits you to preserve a large area of the surrounding jaw and more space for the tongue allowing for a clearer airway and improved breathing, speech, and swallowing; as well as enhanced taste and smell.

Implant Supported Overdentures

Implant-supported dentures attach two to six dental implants to your jaw. These dentures might be appropriate. If you’re missing many or all of your teeth but you still have enough bone in your jaw to house the implants.

Implant-supported overdentures are available in fixed and removable options with special connecting mechanisms that lock them securely. Some can be detached for sleeping or when cleaning the prosthetic.

Gum Supported Overdentures

This removable overdenture sits on the gums and is held securely attached to implants with a retentive attachment built in and inserted into the upper or lower jaw. This type is the standard for those with extensive teeth loss.

Fixed Implant Supported Overdentures

A fixed or hybrid denture is the most steady, set permanently to dental implants in your jawbone. You won’t be able to dislodge it at home, so a thorough personal cleaning might be a challenge. Only a dentist can remove it when necessary. It is typically the most costly.

Bar-Retained Implant-Supported Overdentures

These use a bar attached to the implants that the denture can clip onto. The bar permits you to dislodge the overdenture when necessary while providing more security than a conventional denture.

Ball-Retained Implant-Supported Overdentures

Ball-shaped supports are utilized to attach the implants to the denture making it simpler to clean and replace parts.

Overdenture Partials

If only a few teeth are missing, you might consider a partial. It replaces the root of the tooth with implants to clip and attach the prosthetic.

Overdenture Procedure


Your dentist will perform an oral examination and review your medical and dental history. They should take images and impressions to establish your needs. A 3-D surgical guide can determine exactly where and how to position the implants.

2. Placement

Here, an oral surgeon or periodontist sets the custom titanium implants into the jaw. It takes about three to six months for the insertions to fuse with the bone.

3. Healing Process

Following the placement, most feel okay enough to return to normal activities within a few days. Your implants will continue to heal and integrate with the jawbone spanning the next three to six months.

4. Healing Cap

As you heal, a temporary healing cap is placed to guide the soft tissue.

5. Dental impressions

Once healed, your dentist will take impressions of your upper and lower dental arches and send the impressions to a lab so a technician can begin crafting your new dentures.

6. Insertion

After the overdenture is made, your dentist will test the fit and make any necessary modifications. If your overdenture mounts well, you should receive post-care instructions on how to take care of your new prosthetic.


Murtaza Ali

Murtaza Ali is a digital marketing expert and creative content writer with skills in online writing, blogging, and social media marketing. He likes to share his knowledge with readers in an inspiring and motivational way.

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